Pastoral nomand and their movements - class-IX
|Description: pastoral nomand and their movements|
|Number of Questions: 50|
|Created by: Sara Dalvi|
|Tags: pastoralists in the modern world history|
How can we assist the administration?
It is our moral responsibility to report suspicious activities, as it may save the lives of other people. One should not indulge in bribery as it hampers equality in public life. Moreover, inciting violence would disturb the peace and livelihood of people. If we are able to assist the administration by such activities then the country can function smoothly and peacefully.
How can we help society in maintaining cleanliness and health?
Our spiritual gurus, in one of the stanzas in ______, have prayed that "O God Almighty! Help us not to do any injustice to our neighbours, nor harm our friends. Pray help us not to misbehave with those that love us."
The outlook of the members of the society and the social institutions should be:
Match the following:
|Column A||Column B|
|A||Protecting the forests, lakes, and rivers||1||Political awareness|
|B||Helping the old, the children, the shelterless and those in distress||2||Protecting our environment|
|C||Protecting our rights and doing our duties||3||Social service|
One of the following is not the state which borders the district Bastar
What are our social responsibilities?
Whom we can call a politically aware citizen?
Rights and duties are like the two sides of a coin. A politically aware and responsible citizen should value both rights and duties equally. So both A and B are correct.
What is the biggest strength of any citizen?
Which of the following are the characteristics of an alert voter?
Which of the following African pastoral groups lived in the regions of Kenya and Tanzania?
The Maasai cattle herders live primarily in east Africa: 300, 000 in southern Kenya and another 150,000 in Tanzania.
How did the life of the Pastoralist's changed under the colonial rule?
Large areas of forest were cleared for tea, rubber and coffee plantation. They also cleared the forest for timber. Moreover, the forests were also enclosed for commercial purposes. This led to wide scale deforestation and loss of livelihood for people who depended upon forest resources. For the pastoral communities it meant shrinking of grazing grounds for their cattle. Some of them were labelled as criminal tribes and were forced to work in factorie, mines and plantation.
'Once you cultivate land, it is no longer suitable for grazing.' Which African pastrol tribe of Africa thought crop farming a crime against nature
Find out the correct match:
The Gaddis belong to Himachal Pradesh while Dhangars, to Maharashtra, Bakarwals, to Kashmir and Raikas, to Rajasthan.
Waste land Rules were enacted by the colonial officials in order to _________.
The word 'Maasai' is derived from the word Maa. Maa-sai which means ______.
The Maasai Mara is a National Park in _________.
What percentage of the grazing lands did Maasai lose when European imperial powers divided Africa into different colonies?
Why did the colonial government introduce the Grazing Tax in the mid $19th$ century?
The Massai cattle herders live primarily in _________.
When did European imperial powers divide Africa into different colonies?
Which of these are the pastoral communities of the mountains?
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
- Some of the pastoralists reduced the number of cattle in their herds. Some others discovered new pastures. For example; when the Raikas could no longer move into Sindh after the partition of 1947; they began to migrate to Haryana in search of new pastures.
- Some rich pastoralists began to buy land to settle down and gave up their nomadic life. While some of them became peasants, some others took to more extensive trading.
- But the poor pastoralists had to borrow from moneylenders in order to survive. Most of them finally lost their cattle and sheep and became labourers. They began to work in fields or in small towns.
Dhangars were an important pastoral community of _________.
Dhangars were an important pastoral community of Maharashtra. In the early twentieth century, their population in this region was estimated to be 467,000. Most of them were shepherds, some were blanket weavers, and still, others were buffalo herders. The Dhangar shepherds stayed in the central plateau of Maharashtra during the monsoon
Gaddis are an important pastoral community of _____.
The Gaddi Shepherd tribe of Himachal Pradesh also uses the low hills of the Siwalik as their winter base. By April, they move towards the mountains and spend the summer in Lahul and Spiti. As the snow melts, they move further up the mountains.
Which of these are the pastoral communities of Africa?
Most of them now live in the semi-arid grasslands or arid deserts where rainfed agriculture is difficult. They raise cattle, camels, goats, sheep and donkeys; and they sell milk, meat, animal skin and wool.
The British levied tax on the Pastoralists who had to pay tax on ______.
The Grazing tax in India was introduced by the colonial government in the mid-nineteenth century. The pastoralists had to pay tax on every animal they grazed on the pastures. The tax per head of cattle went up rapidly and the system of the collection was made increasingly efficient.
Which seasonal movements affect the Dhangars of Maharashtra?
Dhangars were an important pastoral community of Maharashtra. Most of them were shepherds, some were blanket weavers, and still others were buffalo herders. The Dhangar shepherds stayed in the central plateau of Maharashtra during the monsoon. This was a semi-arid region with low rainfall and poor soil. It was covered with thorny scrub. Nothing but dry crops like bajra could be sown here. By October the Dhangars harvested their bajra and started on their move west.
In which way did the Forest Acts change the lives of the pastoralists?
Pastoralists could no longer remain in an area even if forage was available, the grass was succulent and the undergrowth in the forest was ample. They had to move because the Forest Department permits that had been issued to them now ruled their lives. The permit specified the periods in which they could be legally within a forest. If they overstayed they were liable to fines.
Which of these statements is not true?
Which of the following statements best explains pastoralist nomads?
Nomads are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living. In many parts of India, we can see nomadic pastoralists on the move with their herds of goats and sheep, or camels and cattle.
In 1913, the Deputy Conservator of Forests in Darjeeling was _______.
Raika pastoral community belongs to ___________.
In the deserts of Rajasthan lived the Raikas. One group of Raikas – known as the Maru (desert) Raikas – herded camels and another group reared sheep and goat.
The Serengeti National Park, for instance, was created over ________.
The social changes in Maasai society are that ___________________________.
Pastoral communities in different parts of the world are affected in a variety of different ways by changes in the modern world. New laws and new borders affect the patterns of their movement. Pastoralists are not relics of the past. They are not people who have no place in the modern world. Environmentalists and economists have increasingly come to recognise that pastoral nomadism is a form of life that is perfectly suited to many hilly and dry regions of the world.
Why did the colonial state wanted to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms?
First, the colonial state wanted to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms. Land revenue was one of the main sources of its finance. By expanding cultivation it could increase its revenue collection. It could at the same time produce more jute, cotton, wheat and other agricultural produce that were required in England. To colonial officials all uncultivated land appeared to be unproductive: it produced neither revenue nor agricultural produce. It was seen as ‘waste land’ that needed to be brought under cultivation.
In which state of India are the Gujjar Bakarwals found?
Gujjar Bakarwals in India are spread throughout the northern part of the Himalayan Range. This includes the states of Uttarakhand,Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. In Jammu and Kashmir in India, Bakarwals are also found in all the three regions of the state including Jammu(comprising districts of Jammu, Kathua, Udhampur, Poonch, Rajouri Districts), the Kashmir Valley (comprising the districts of Srinagar, Baramulla, Kupwara, Pulwama, Budgam and Anantnag) and Ladakh(comprising Kargil).
Which of the following factors led to serious shortage of pasture?
When grazing lands were taken over and turned into cultivated fields, the available area of pastureland declined. Similarly, the reservation of forests meant that shepherds and cattle herders could no longer freely pasture their cattle in the forests.
What was the result of overgrazing the pastures due to the restrictions on pastoral movements?
Under colonial rule, the life of pastoralists changed dramatically. When grazing lands were taken over and turned into cultivated fields, the available area of pastureland declined. When restrictions were imposed on pastoral movements, grazing lands came to be continuously used and the quality of pastures declined. This, in turn, created a further shortage of forage for animals and the deterioration of animal stock. Underfed cattle died in large numbers during scarcities and famines.
Where were the Banjaras found?
Banjaras are a well-known group of graziers. They were to be found in the villages of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. In search of good pastureland for their cattle, they moved over long distances, selling plow cattle and other goods to villagers in exchange for grain and fodder.
Why did feeding the cattle become a persistent problem for the Maasais?
The Maasai lost about 60 percent of their pre-colonial lands. They were confined to an arid zone with uncertain rainfall and poor pastures. The loss of the finest grazing lands and water resources created pressure on the small area of land that the Maasai were confined within. Continuous grazing within a small area inevitably meant a deterioration of the quality of pastures. Fodder was always in short supply.
Dhangars were an important pastoral community of
In the early twentieth century their population in this region was estimated to be 467,000. Most of them were shepherds, some were blanket weavers, and still others were buffalo herders.
Gujjar Bakarwals of Jammu and Kashmir are great herders of
Many of them migrated to this region in the nineteenth century in search of pastures for their animals.
Maru Raikas, and their settlement is called a
In the deserts of Rajasthan lived the Raikas. the Raikas combined cultivation with pastoralism. During the monsoons, the Raikas of Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner stayed in their home villages, where pasture was available. The camel herders of the region are Maru (desert) Raikas, and their settlement is called a dhandi.
Which of the following factors determine the seasonal rhythms of movement of the Kuruma and Kurubas of Andhra region?
The Kurumas and Kurubas reared sheep and goats and sold woven blankets. They lived near the woods, cultivated small patches of land, engaged in a variety of petty trades and took care of their herds. In the dry season they moved to the coastal tracts, and left when the rains came.
In which of the following year and by whom was Maasai land divided into two regions?
Before colonial times, Maasailand stretched over a vast area from north Kenya to the steppes of northern Tanzania. In the late nineteenth century, European imperial powers scrambled for territorial possessions in Africa, slicing up the region into different colonies. In 1885, Maasailand was cut into half with an international boundary between British Kenya and German Tanganyika.
What is the dry forested area of Kumaon and Garhwal called?
To the east, in Garhwal and Kumaon, the Gujjar cattle herders came down to the dry forests of the bhabar in the winter, and went up to the high meadows – the bugyals – in summer. Many of them were originally from Jammu and came to the UP hills in the nineteenth century in search of good pastures.
_____________ herder's villages are in the Rann of Kutch.
- Maldhari herder's villages are in the Rann of Kutch.
- Maldharis are nomadic tribal herdsmen who live in the Gujarat state of India. The literal meaning of Maldhari is "owner of animal stock". They are notable as the traditional dairymen of the region, and once supplied milk and cheese to the palaces of rajas.
How many people in Africa are dependent on some form of pastoral activity for their livelihood?
Which one of the following pastoral nomads is not found in the mountains?