Preparation of income and expenditure account - class-XII

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Income and Expenditure account is ______ to account like Profit and Loss account.

  1. real

  2. personal

  3. nominal

  4. expense

Correct Option: C

Income and Expenditure account is prepared by non-trading concern to reveal the surplus or deficit arising out of the operating activities during the accounting period. It is one of the final accounts of non-trading concern like the profit and loss account of the trading concern,

Any revenue expense for which a separate fund is available will be ___________.

  1. debited to that separate fund

  2. debited to income and expenditure account

  3. capital issues and shown in the balance sheet

  4. credited to the separate fund

Correct Option: A

Separate funds are those funds which are earmarked for a specific activity. In case of fund based accounting, all the incomes related to that particular activity is credited to that fund and all the expenses debited to that fund. For example, Building fund, Sports fund etc. 

The revenue receipts are to be shown on ______side.

  1. credit side of income & expenditure

  2. debit side of income & expenditure

  3. asset side of balance sheet

  4. liabilitie side of balance sheet

Correct Option: A

Receipts may be classified as revenue receipts and capital receipts. 

Receipts which are received in the normal course of business are treated as revenue receipts.
Receipts which are received with a specific object is considered as capital receipts.
Revenue receipts are credited to income account and shown in the credit side of  Income & Expenditure account.

Income and Expenditure Account belongs to ______ account.

  1. Real account

  2. Personal account

  3. Nominal accounts

  4. All of the above

Correct Option: C

Every business have to make its financial statement at the end of every year which includes profit & loss account and balance sheet.

All expenses and Income accounts are transferred to profit & loss account/ Income & Expenditure account to know the Profit & Loss of the business.

All expense and Income accounts are classified as nominal accounts hence Income and Expenditure account belongs to nominal account.

Income and Expenditure accounts shows a balance of ________________.

  1. Surplus or Deficit

  2. Cash in hand at the end

  3. Net Profit/Loss

  4. Capital Fund

Correct Option: A

Income and expenditure account is prepared by a non-trading concern to reveal the surplus or deficit arising out of the operating activities during the accounting period.

Income and Expenditure account is ________ by balance sheet whereas Receipt and Payment account is __________by balance sheet

  1. not accompanied, not accompanied

  2. accompanied, not accompanied

  3. not accompained, accompanied

  4. accompanied, accompanied

Correct Option: B

Receipt and Payment is summarized statement of cash transactions during an accounting year hence it is not accompanied by balance sheet. The account through which surplus or deficit of a non-profit-seeking concern is ascertained is called Income and Expenditure account.

The balance of Income and Expenditure account represents:

  1. The balance of cash on that date.

  2. The total cash receipts during the period.

  3. The total cash payments during the period.

  4. The excess of expenditure over income and vice-versa.

Correct Option: D

Income and expenditure is a nominal account, It is similar to profit and loss account. It either represents deficit or surplus at the end of the year. Therefore, it either shows surplus that is excess of income over expenditure or deficit which is excess of expenditure over income.

Income & Expenditure A/c is prepared by transfer of :
(I) Nominal accounts
(II) Real accounts
(III) Personal accounts
The correct answer is ___________________.

  1. (II) and (III) only

  2. (I) and (II) only

  3. All (I), (II) and (III)

  4. (I) only

Correct Option: D

Option D is correct. Nominal account is related to expenses or losses and incomes or gains. Income and Expenditure account is an account prepared by non trading concerns to ascertain surplus or deficit of income over expenditure for a particular period. So Income and Expenditure account is a Nominal account.

Specific donations received will appear on ____________.

  1. Debit side of Receipt & Payment A/c

  2. Asset side of the Balance Sheet

  3. Debit side of Income & Expenditure A/c

  4. Liabilities side of the Balance Sheet

Correct Option: D

Specific donations are the amount received by organisaton as funding. The amount is not received for any work and hence has to be considered as a liability and to be recorded under liabilities head in the balance sheet.

Rs. 1,00,000 received as the annual membership subscription. Out of this Rs. 20,000 is pertaining to the previous accounting period, whereas Rs. 10,000 is receivable at the end of the current accounting period. Calculate the amount of subscription that will be shown in the income and expenditure account for this accounting year.

  1. 80,000

  2. 90,000

  3. 1,20,000

  4. 1.00,000

Correct Option: B

Subscription amount to be shown in income and expenditure account can be calculated using the formula given below:

 $Subscription\quad amount=\quad Subscription\quad received\ \quad \quad Add:\quad Subscription\quad received\quad at\quad end\quad of\quad year\ \quad Less:\quad Outstanding\quad subscription\quad for\quad previous\quad year$
Substitute values in the above equation
$Subscription\quad amount=\quad Rs1,00,000\ \quad \quad Add:\quad Rs10,000\ \quad Less:\quad Rs20,000\quad =Rs90,000$.

Given : Stock of stationery on Jan. 1, 2015 Rs 200; payments for stationery during 2015 Rs 1,000; and stock of stationery on Dec. 31, 2015 Rs 50.
What will be the amount posted to Income and Expenditure A/c for the year ending Dec. 31, 2015?

  1. Rs 750

  2. Rs 850

  3. Rs 1,150

  4. Rs 1,250

Correct Option: C

Stationery amount to be shown in income & expenditure account can be calculated using the formula given below:

$Stationery\quad amount=\quad Opening\quad stock-Closing\quad stock+Payments\quad made$
Substitute values in the above equation
$Stationery\quad amount=\quad Rs200-Rs50+Rs1000\quad =Rs1,150$.

Income and Expenditure Account records income and expenditure item of ____________________.

  1. Booth capital and revenue nature.

  2. Only capital nature.

  3. Only revenue nature.

  4. Only revenue nature related to a particular accounting period.

Correct Option: D

Income and Expenditure Account is prepared on an accrual basis. All incomes and expenses relating to the accounting year, whether they are actually received and paid or not, are taken into consideration. Expenditure is recorded on the debit side and income is recorded on the credit side. A distinction is made between capital and revenue items and only revenue items are included in this account.

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